The most common areas of arthroscopy are the knee, wrist, hip, ankle, shoulder, elbow and foot. It is used to remove or repair damaged tissues around the joints such as meniscus, cartilage or ligaments.
As the joint does not have to be opened up fully, it leaves less scarring, and has a faster recovery time. This is especially useful for professional athletes.
HOW IT WORKS
To execute an arthroscopic procedure, small incisions will be made around the area of contact. These incisions are made for the arthroscope and the various surgical instruments to be used. A key note here is that these surgical instruments are much smaller than traditional instruments.
Surgeons view the joint area on a video monitor, and then diagnose and repair joint tissue thereafter
Simulation of knee arthroscopy (Meniscus repair)